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MEZQUITAL OTOMI

Otomi is a small language family within Oto-Manguean. Mezquital Otomi is the Otomi variety with the largest number of speakers (100,000). Mezquital Otomi, also known as hñähñü "Otomi Speech" (from hñä-hñü "speak-Otomi") is also the most widespread, as it is spoken in different communities of the state of Hidalgo, mainly San Salvador, Chilcuautla, Ixmiquilpan, Alfajayucan, Tasquillo, Nicolás Flores, Cardonal and Huichapan, which are located across a large geographical area known as the Mezquital Valley, in the Mexican Highlands about 60 km. north of Mexico City.

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    Verbal paradigm exhibits variation in:
    Inflectional class assignment based on:
    be¹²he
    ayunar
    fast
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    be¹²ni
    recordar
    remember
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    be¹²t’e
    acobardarse
    be intimidated
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    bis-tho
    preocuparse por temor
    worry about fear
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    bọ²-da
    estar legañoso
    have eye boogers
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    bo²la
    envolver
    wrap up
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    bo¹²
    limpiar
    clean
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    bọ¹²-kuẹ
    enojarse
    get angry
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    bo¹²st’i
    estar enmugrado
    be soiled
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    bu²hla
    burlar
    outwit
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    bu¹²nchi
    embocar
    put something in mouth
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    bụ²t’i
    sacudir
    shake
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    bụ¹²-gu
    rapar
    shave
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    bụ¹²lo
    despuntar
    stand out
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    bụ¹²-ñä
    despuntar
    stand out
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    bụ¹²ni
    agitar
    shake
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    bụ¹²ts’i
    exigir
    demand
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    bụ-do
    apedrear
    stone
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    bụnt’i
    arrancar
    pull up
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    bẹ¹²xo
    pesar
    weigh
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    da
    denunciar
    denounce
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    dä²xi
    jilotear
    come into ear (maize)
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    dä²ʔs-thu¹²hu
    quejarse de hambre
    complain (of hunger)
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    be²ñʔä-juä¹²
    encomendarse a Dios
    commend oneself to God
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    be²ntya
    ventearse
    split
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    be²n-tho
    extrañar
    puzzle
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    be²n-sẹ
    pensar
    think
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    bä¹²n-te
    suplicar
    supplicate
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    bä²tsi
    estar joven
    be young
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    da¹²do
    malvender
    sell off cheap
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    de²sia
    desear
    wish
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    dent’i
    magullar
    bruise
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    do²-gu
    despuntar la oreja
    pierce ear
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    do²-mbi
    repetir
    repeat
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    do²-zụ
    cortar la cola
    cut a tail
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    do²ʔmi
    doblar
    fold
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    do¹²ndo
    atontar
    bewilder
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    do¹²ni
    prestar dinero
    lend money
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    dont’i
    tentar
    tempt
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    dụ²hụ
    dudar
    doubt
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    dụ²-zụ
    cortar el rabo
    cut a tail
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    dụʔti
    apretar
    squeeze
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    fa²ʔtsi
    ayudar
    help
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    fa¹²ti
    golpear
    hit
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    fant’i
    chocar
    crash
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    fat’ä²-juä¹²
    mandar saludo
    send greeting
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    fat’i
    hacerse tonto
    become silly
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    fe²ʔtse
    tropezar con algo
    bump into someone
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    fe¹²st’e
    tostar
    toast
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    fe¹²t’e
    tostar
    toast
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    2079 items
    42 pages